High blood pressure, or you might know it as hypertension, is a very difficult and common health disorder that can lead to strokes, kidney disease, and congestive heart failure. High blood pressure changes the structure of small arteries, making the wall of the arteries thicker and thereby making the opening, where the blood runs, smaller. This is why the pressure of the blood goes up, it has to push harder to get through the narrowed arteries.
If the blood pressure gets high enough, arteries will be destroyed and the detrimental effects of hypertension increase continuously as pressure increases including thickening of your heart, damage to your brain and eyes.
You can have had high blood pressure for years without knowing it, is a condition that can creep up on you. What can cause it?
Obese people are 2-6 times more likely to develop high blood pressure than people whose weight is within a healthy range.
A high salt (sodium) intake
Americans consume too much salt, in fact, about 10-15 times more salt than needed. Fast food contain particularly high amounts of sodium. As well as painkillers and many over-the-counter medicines and drugs such as birth control pills, diet pills and amphetamines.
Alcohol use and lack of exercise is also linked to high blood pressure.
Medical professionals strongly recommend obese people to lose weight, and to decrease salt and alcohol intake in order to lower their blood pressure.
In the clinical study funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), researchers found that a diet rich in vegetables, fruit, dietary fiber, potassium, calcium, and magnesium, and low in dairy foods, saturated fats and cholesterol, may prevent and control high blood pressure.
They named this eating plan DASH, "Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension". When looking at this plan we can see that it is high in alkaline foods and low in acidic foods.